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西雅图上调时薪15元仍不够花 昂贵城市喊涨  

2014-06-05 16:27:30|  分类: 时事 热点 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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西雅图市最低时薪升至15元几已成定局,但这并不意味著最低收入的人就能轻松喝拿铁咖啡、买剧院入场券等,因为在全美类似西雅图的昂贵城市,15元时薪并不能缓解拮据的生活。
西雅图上调时薪15元仍不够花 昂贵城市喊涨 - allen同学 - 割舍不掉的情意结...
西雅图市长穆瑞(坐者)3日签署法案,使最低时薪调整为15元。(Getty Images)
西雅图市议会2日通过时薪调至15元,使得西雅图超越最低时薪10.55元的旧金山,成为全美最低时薪最高的城市。但美联社对全美最昂贵城市的生活对比後发现,除了西雅图,纽约、旧金山、华府、檀香山和波士顿也需要提高时薪以缓解当地居民的生活压力。
  在西雅图,一加仑牛奶均价3.6元,一加仑汽油3.94元,单程公交2.5元,星巴克的16盎司拿铁咖啡3.35元,一品脱啤酒则为4.5元,而一臥公寓的租金为1400元。尽管15元的时薪无法“生活奢华”,但3万1000元的年薪足以负担与人分租一臥公寓、买保险和生活杂货,以及使用月费不高的手机。
  反观最低时薪仅八元的纽约,一加仑牛奶四元,“赛百味”一呎长潜水堡6.9元,单程公交2.5元,汽油每加仑约3.93元,而曼哈坦租金中位价3420元,最低年薪才1万6640元的纽约客需要多个室友才能勉强生存。
  还有最低时薪7.93元的迈阿密,油价每加仑3.5元,单程公交2.25元,牛奶每加仑4元,一份质量合格的潜水堡则需8元。由于该市面临飓风威胁,房产保险的费率可能比其他城市多两到三倍。目前该市的最低时薪也将逐年上调。
  日常开销在全美大城属一属二的芝加哥,维权团体纷纷呼吁市府效仿西雅图,将最低时薪调高到15元。芝加哥目前仍遵循伊州8.25元的最低时薪,生活昂贵让民众叫苦。该市平均油价超过每加仑4元,仅次于主要大城市中的洛杉矶和旧金山。
西雅图上调时薪15元仍不够花 昂贵城市喊涨 - allen同学 - 割舍不掉的情意结...西雅图上调时薪15元仍不够花 昂贵城市喊涨 - allen同学 - 割舍不掉的情意结...西雅图上调时薪15元仍不够花 昂贵城市喊涨 - allen同学 - 割舍不掉的情意结... 
Seattle plans to raise minimum wage to $15    Emerald Media Group

Earlier in May, Seattle announced its plan to raise the minimum wage in the city to $15 an hour. Currently, the federal minimum wage $7.25.

Oregon’s minimum wage is $9.10. The state of Washington’s is $9.32, currently the highest pay floor of the nation.

In Seattle, the climb to $15 as a minimum wage will take some time, depending on the size of the business, but by 2020, all businesses are expected to meet the wage change. Large businesses with over 500 employees have 3 years to enact the change. Smaller businesses have five years.

“Raising the minimum wage seems great in theory, but it’s going to affect more than just the dollar amount on my paycheck,” said Jordan Allen, a University of Washington junior and resident of Seattle.

Allen currently pays $700 a month for a room in a house located in a “sketchy part of the University district.”

Allen works a minimum wage job and receives help from her parents to cover the costs of her expenses.

“If I had to pay all of my expenses by myself while in college, it would be close to impossible,” Allen said.

University of Oregon freshman Carly Gough, who works part-time at Dairy Queen echoes Allen’s statement.

To cover all her expenses on her own Gough says she would have to work full time and “even then I’m not sure.”

Allen showed skepticism for the minimum wage bump in Seattle.

“Why would property management places keep rent the same if the minimum wage has almost doubled,” Allen said. “I think some businesses will find ways to cut employee involvement to save on payroll, so the job market might suffer too.”

After one year the wage will reach $9.15. After two years the wage will rest at $10.10. Three years and the Secretary of Labor will decide the minimum wage based on the Consumer Price Index and continue to do so annually.

The gradual climb to meet the $15 mimics the plan for HR 1010, the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2013. The act would raise federal minimum wage to $10.10.

HR 1010 amends the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, and has a gradual increase for wages. If the bill is enacted a wage increase of $8.20 will go into place three months after it is signed into law.

Oregon representatives Peter DeFazio, Suzanne Bonamici and Earl Blumenauer are all co-sponsors of HR 1010.

DeFazio first sponsored the bill when it was presented on March 6, 2013.

“Right now, the federal minimum wage of $7.25 is leaving 25 million American workers behind, all while lining the pockets of the people at the very top, DeFazio said. “It’s time for the rest of the country to adopt what’s already happening in Oregon: tying the minimum wage to inflation. Giving workers a long-overdue raise would lift millions of Americans out of poverty. That’s not only good for the workers, but also for the U.S. economy and its long-term growth.”

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