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10种动物面临灭绝图片  

2009-04-19 21:37:10|  分类: 转贴 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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10 Animals Facing Extinction。            图片和原文来自:美国《时代周刊》

10种动物面临灭绝。由于全球变暖,南北极冰川融化,臭氧层空洞不断地在两极扩大,热带雨林砍伐无度,海洋、江河湖水源污染,珍贵的动植物濒临灭顶之灾,拯救地球就是保护人类自己的生存和发展。

1.Greater Bamboo Lemur
Found only in a small area of southeastern Madagascar, the greater bamboo lemur eats not only bamboo shoots — despite the cyanide found in the plant. The most endangered lemur in Madagascar, less than 200 are believed to still exist.
大竹狐猴.
发现,只有在一个小地区的东南部马达加斯加,大竹狐猴不仅吃竹笋-尽管发现这种植物含有氰化物。 最濒危的马达加斯加狐猴,被确认仅存不到200只。

2.Celebes Crested Macaque
This black macaque is found only in northwestern parts of Indonesia, mostly on the island of Sulawesi — also known as Celebes. It is often hunted as a pest — it can devastate farms — and for bushmeat.
西里伯斯岛冠猕猴.
这黑色短尾猿的发现只有印度尼西亚的西北部地区存在,主要在苏拉威西岛-也被称为西里伯斯岛。 因为它破坏农场和丛林,所以往往成为捕猎对象。

3.Lowland Gorilla
Found in central Africa, the lowland gorilla has been all but wiped out in recent years, thanks to widespread hunting — the meat is an expensive delicacy — and disease, including from the Ebola virus. Rapid deforestation is also destroying their habitat.
低地大猩猩.
在中部非洲的低地大猩猩已全部被消灭,近年来,大范围地狩猎(它的肉是昂贵的美食)和疾病(包括从埃博拉病毒)威胁着它的生存,森林的加速损毁进一步破坏了他们的栖息地。

4.Madagascar Fish Eagle
Madagascar is known as the hottest hotspot, both because of its rich biodiversity, and because deforestation and other threats are destroying wildlife on the island. The Fish Eagle, found in highly limited numbers along the west coast, is no exception.
马达加斯加鱼鹰.
马达加斯加是被称为最热的热点,既因为其丰富的生物多样性,而且由于森林砍伐和其他威胁正在破坏野生动物在岛上的生存状态,西海岸数量有限的鱼鹰也不例外。

5.Vancouver Island Marmot
The rodent is one of the most endangered mammals in North America, with less than 40 individuals found in an area less than 10 sq. km. Logging is most likely the cause of its diminishing numbers.
温哥华岛土拨鼠.
在北美这种啮齿类动物是最濒危哺乳动物,只有不到40个体在只有不到10平方公里的范围内生存。森林砍伐是最有可能造成其数量减少的原因。

6.Black Rhino
The population of the black rhino declined by 90% over the last six decades, thanks chiefly to poaching. But since the mid 1990s — when fewer than 3,000 of the African rhino existed — the population has increased steadily, and now there are over 4,000
黑犀牛.
过去60年里,黑犀牛的数量下降了90 % ,主要原因是偷猎。 至20世纪90年代中期只有少于3 000非洲犀牛存在,现在数量不断增加,现在已超过4000。

7.Iberian Lynx
Believed to be the most endangered mammal in Europe, the Iberian lynx, found mostly in Spain, has fewer than 150 individuals in the wild. It's dying out because its main source of food — a rabbit — is also declining rapidly.
伊比利亚的猞猁.
在欧洲,伊比利亚的猞猁被认为是最濒危哺乳动物,发现主要在西班牙,少于150个体在野生环境中。它的消亡是因为它的主要食物来源——兔子的数量在急剧减少。

8.Mindoro Dwarf Water Buffalo
Found on the Philippine island of Mindoro, the dwarf water buffalo was once widespread, but now is found in less than 300 sq. km. The chief threat is expanding farmland, which is cutting into the water buffalo's habitat.
民都洛岛矮水牛.
发现在菲律宾民都洛岛,矮水牛曾一度很普遍,但现在发现它们的生存范围不到300平方公里。 主要的威胁是耕地不断扩大,削减了水牛的栖息地。

9.Baiji Dolphin
Also known as the Yangtze dolphin, and found in the river in China, the Baiji is the most endangered cetacean in the world. It may already be extinct.
白暨豚
也被称为长江豚,因为发现它们生存在中国的这条河流中,白暨豚是世界上最濒危的鲸类动物,虽然已经成功人工繁殖,但野生的可能已经灭绝。

注:它在长江中游(安庆至武汉之间) 活动。

10.Siberian Crane
The gorgeous bird breeds in arctic Russia and western Siberia, but thanks to severe wetland loss, it is declining rapidly.
西伯利亚鹤.
这华丽的鸟类品种在俄罗斯北极地区和西伯利亚西部,但是由于湿地丧失严重,它是迅速下滑。

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