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美国2009年大学排行榜  

2010-05-22 01:17:42|  分类: 莘莘学子 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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美国2009年大学排行榜                         消息来源:<美国新闻和世界报道>杂志

2009年的美国大学综合实力及各个单项的排行榜出炉。专家认为,学生不应该根据排行榜来决定自己的选择,排行榜只应被用来作参考。和往年一样,一些反排行榜组织抨击排行榜出炉的原因是受到商业利益的驱使。

  杂志每年推出一份美国大学综合实力及各个单项的排行榜。在08-09年美国大学本科综合实力排行榜上,哈佛大学位列第一,排名第二到第十的大学分别是普林斯顿大学、耶鲁大学、麻省理工学院、斯坦福大学、加州理工学院、宾夕法尼亚大学、哥伦比亚大学、杜克大学以及芝加哥大学。

  排名前四的文科学院分别是安默斯特学院、威廉姆斯学院、斯沃斯莫尔学院以及卫斯理学院;排名前四的公立大学包括加州大学伯克利分校、维吉尼亚大学、加州大学洛杉矶分校以及密西根大学。排行榜上还包括其它各门学科比如商科、物理、化学、工程学等各种五花八门的排名。

  美国每年有很多不同的大学排行榜,不过杂志的排行榜应该算是最权威、最受学生和家长喜爱和认可的一份排名。肯尼思·特雷尔是杂志专门负责评选最佳综合大学排名的编辑。他在接受记者采访时表示,这和该杂志连续25年来对读者提供广泛和可靠的信息息息相关。

  他说:“我们比其它任何一个排行榜起步的时间都早,而且我们提供的信息量远远超过其它的排行榜,我们搜集了数不胜数的各种数据,加以分析整理后呈现给我们的读者,所以读者非常看重我们的排名。”

  近年来,纷纷出炉的各种大学排行榜遭到了一些教育界人士以及社会人士的大力抨击,他们认为搞大学排名是排名机构受经济利益驱使,这将对学生起到误导作用。

  2007年,位于俄勒冈州的非营利组织维护教育组织(Education Conservancy)联合美国大约一百所高校的校长发出倡议信,敦促全国各高校校长一起拒绝填写排名调查表,也不要利用排行榜作为学校的宣传内容。

  维护教育组织的执行总监罗伊德·撒克(Lloyd Thacker)在接受记者采访时说:“大学排行榜是大学申请和录取走向商业化的罪魁祸首,排名损害了教育的真正目的和价值,使教育系统出现了危机局面。这种排名在美国已经有30年的历史了,30年来,没有任何可衡量的数据显示这些排行榜对学生产生任何教育方面的益处;相反,排行榜对学生产生的负面影响却是不断出现。”

  虽然社会各方对于排行榜一事各执一词,但是一些上了榜单的学校还是非常乐见这样的排名结果。在本科教学综合实力排名榜上位居第23以及在最佳公立学校上位居第二的维吉尼亚大学对学校取得的成绩感到非常骄傲。

  维吉尼亚大学的新闻发言人卡罗尔·伍德女士(Carol Wood)在接受采访时告诉记者说:“事实上我们真的感到很高兴。我们已经连续两年取得这样的好成绩,这显示了我们要把学校办成最好大学的决心。当然,这要归功于学校的每一位教职员工和学生的努力,是他们让我们学校变成一个学习和生活的最佳场所。”

  排行榜上的排名靠前是否对吸引学生申请学校起到了决定性作用呢?维吉尼亚大学的新闻发言人伍德女士不这样认为,她表示,学校在教育界的良好声誉才是吸引学生的关键因素。

  她说:“我们努力让学生在就学过程中能够在教育和学术上积累丰富经验;我们学校的声誉不是建立在排名先后的顺序上的,我们的学生知道他们在我们这里能够接受到良好的教育,他们在这里接受的本科教育将对他们今后的人生产生积极的影响。”

  杂志在对大学进行排名时主要参考了几个因素,包括同行的评估、毕业率、结业率、班级规模、录取筛选过程、学生的SAT 成绩、以及学生的高中成绩等等。该杂志编辑肯尼思·特雷尔对记者表示,虽然他们的排名是在科学分析的基础上得出的,但是学生在选择学校时应该根据自己的需要做出决定。

  他说:“在决定上哪个学校前,学生应该只把我们的排行榜作为一种工具,我们只是鼓励学生在挑选心仪的学校前,看看该校的各种排名,然后再看看同一地区的其它学校的各项指标如何,这样学生有机会把他们感兴趣的学校进行比较,看看哪所学校最适合他们。”

  虽然维护教育组织和其它一些机构发起了联合抵制大学排名的行动,但是据杂志编辑肯尼思·特雷尔的介绍,他们对各个高校发出的问卷调查回收率还是相当可观的,和几年前相比并没有出现减少的趋势。

  09年最新最全美国国家级综合大学排名

Ranking The name of university City
国家一、二级大学排名
1 Harvard University Cambridge, MA
2 Princeton University
Princeton, NJ
3 Yale University
New Haven, CT
4 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, MA
4 Stanford University Stanford, CA
6 California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA
  University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
8 Columbia University New York, NY
  Duke University
Durham, NC
  University of Chicago Chicago, IL
11 Dartmouth College Hanover, NH
12 Northwestern University
Evanston, IL
  Washington University in St. Louis
St. Louis, MO
14 Cornell University
Ithaca, NY
15 Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD
16 Brown University Providence, RI
17 Rice University
Houston, TX
18 Emory University Atlanta, GA
  University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN
  Vanderbilt University
Nashville, TN
21 University of California--Berkeley
Berkeley, CA
22 Carnegie Mellon University
Pittsburgh, PA
23 Georgetown University
Washington, DC
  University of Virginia
CharlottesvilleVA
25 University of California--Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA
26 University of Michigan--Ann Arbor
Ann Arbor, MI
27 University of Southern California
Los Angeles, CA
28 Tufts University
Medford, MA
  Wake Forest University
WinstonSalemNC
30 University of North Carolina--Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill, NC
31 Brandeis University Waltham, MA
32 College of William and Mary
Williamsburg, VA
33 New York University New York, NY
34 Boston College
Chestnut Hill, MA
35 Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, GA
  Lehigh University
Bethlehem, PA
  University of California--San Diego
La Jolla, CA
  University of Rochester
Rochester, NY
  University of Wisconsin--Madison Madison, WI
40 University of Illinois--Urbana-Champaign
Champaign, IL
41 Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, OH
  Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, NY
  University of Washington
Seattle, WA
44 University of California--Davis
Davis, CA
  University of California--Irvine Irvine, CA
  University of California--Santa Barbara
Santa BarbaraCA
47 Pennsylvania State University--University Park
Uni Park, PA
  University of Texas--Austin
Austin, TX
49 University of Florida
Gainesville, FL
50 Yeshiva University
New York, NY
51 Tulane University
New Orleans, LA
  University of Miami
Coral Gables, FL
53 George Washington University
Washington, DC
  Syracuse University Syracuse, NY
  University of Maryland--College Park
College Park, MD
56 Ohio State University--Columbus
Columbus, OH
  Pepperdine University
Malibu, CA
58 University of Georgia Athens, GA
  University of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, PA
60 Boston University Boston, MA
61 Clemson University Clemson, SC
  Fordham University New York, NY
  University of Minnesota--Twin Cities
Minneapolis, MN
64 Rutgersthe State Uni of New Jersey-New Brunswick Piscataway, NJ
  Texas A&M University--College Station College St TX
66 Miami University--Oxford Oxford, OH
  Purdue University--West Lafayette West Lafayette,IN
  Southern Methodist University
Dallas, TX
  University of Connecticut Storrs, CT
  University of Iowa
Iowa City, IA
71 Indiana University--Bloomington
Bloomington, IN
  Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI
  University of Delaware
Newark, DE
  Virginia Tech
Blacksburg, VA
  Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA
76 Baylor University Waco, TX
77 Marquette University Milwaukee, WI
  SUNY--Binghamton Binghamton, NY
  University of Colorado--Boulder
Boulder, CO
80 Clark University Worcester, MA
  Colorado School of Mines Golden, CO
  St. Louis University St. Louis, MO
83 American University Washington, DC
  North Carolina State University--Raleigh Raleigh, NC
  SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Syracuse, NY
  Stevens Institute of Technology Hoboken, NJ
  University of Alabama Tuscaloosa, AL
  University of Tulsa Tulsa, OK
89 Drexel University Philadelphia, PA
  Iowa State University
Ames, IA
  University of California--Riverside
Riverside, CA
  University of Denver Denver, CO
  University of Kansas
Lawrence, KS
  University of Nebraska--Lincoln
Lincoln, NE
  University of Vermont
Burlington, VT
96 Auburn University Auburn U, AL
  Northeastern University Boston, MA
  SUNY--Stony Brook Stony Brook, NY
  University of Arizona
Tucson, AZ
  University of California--Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz, CA
  University of Missouri--Columbia Columbia, MO
102 Florida State University Tallahassee, FL
  Howard University Washington, DC
  Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL
  University of Massachusetts--Amherst Amherst, MA
  University of San Diego San Diego, CA
  University of the Pacific Stockton, CA
  University of Dayton Dayton, OH
108 University of Oklahoma Norman, OK
  University of Oregon Eugene, OR
  University of South Carolina--Columbia
Columbia, SC
  University of Tennessee Knoxville, TN
113 Brigham Young University--Provo Provo, UT
  Texas Christian University
Fort Worth, TX
  University of New Hampshire Durham, NH
116 Catholic University of America
Washington, DC
  Loyola University Chicago
Chicago, IL
  Ohio University Athens, OH
  University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY
  Washington State University
Pullman, WA
121 Arizona State University
Tempe, AZ
  Clarkson University
Potsdam, NY
  Michigan Technological University
Houghton, MI
  University at Buffalo--SUNY
Buffalo, NY
125 Colorado State University
Fort Collins, CO
  University of Arkansas Fayetteville, AR
127 New Jersey Institute of Technology
Newark, NJ
  University of San Francisco SanFranciscoCA
  University of Utah Salt Lake City, UT
130 Duquesne University Pittsburgh, PA
  Kansas State University Manhattan, KS
  Louisiana State University--Baton Rouge
Baton Rouge, LA
  Samford University Birmingham, AL
国家三级大学(共63所,排名131-193),排名不分先后,按字母顺序排列
131 Adelphi University Garden City, NY
132 Andrews University Berrien Springs, MI
133 Azusa Pacific University
Azusa, CA
134 Ball State University Muncie, IN
135 Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, OH
136 DePaul University Chicago, IL
137 Florida Institute of Technology Melbourne, FL
138 George Mason University Fairfax, VA
139 Hofstra University Hempstead, NY
140 Illinois State University Normal, IL
141 Kent State University Kent, OH
142 Mississippi State University Mississippi State, MS
143 Missouri University of Science & Technology Rolla, MO
144 Montana State University Bozeman, MT
145 New School New York, NY
146 North Dakota State University Fargo, ND
147 Oklahoma State University Stillwater, OK
148 Old Dominion University Norfolk, VA
149 Oregon State University Corvallis, OR
150 Pace University New York, NY
151 Pacific University Forest Grove, OR
152 Polytechnic University Brooklyn, NY
153 Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey--Newark Newark, NJ
154 SUNY--Albany Albany, NY
155 Seton Hall University South Orange, NJ
156 South Carolina State University Orangeburg, SC
157 Southern Illinois University--Carbondale Carbondale, IL
158 St. John's University Queens, NY
159 Temple University Philadelphia, PA
160 Texas Tech University Lubbock, TX
161 University of Alabama--Birmingham Birmingham, AL
162 University of Alabama--Huntsville Huntsville, AL
163 University of Central Florida Orlando, FL
164 University of Cincinnati Cincinnati, OH
165 University of Colorado--Denver Denver, CO
166 University of Hawaii--Manoa Honolulu, HI
167 University of Idaho Moscow, ID
168 University of Illinois--Chicago Chicago, IL
169 University of La Verne La Verne, CA
170 University of Louisville Louisville, KY
171 University of Maine Orono, ME
172 University of Maryland--Baltimore County Baltimore, MD
173 University of Massachusetts--Lowell Lowell, MA
174 University of Mississippi University, MS
175 University of Missouri--Kansas City Kansas City, MO
176 University of Montana Missoula, MT
177 University of Nevada--Reno Reno, NV
178 University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM
179 University of North Carolina--Charlotte Charlotte, NC
180 University of North Carolina--Greensboro Greensboro, NC
181 University of North Dakota Grand Forks, ND
182 University of Rhode Island Kingston, RI
183 University of South Dakota Vermillion, SD
184 University of South Florida Tampa, FL
185 University of Southern Mississippi Hattiesburg, MS
186 University of St. Thomas St. Paul, MN
187 University of Texas--Dallas Richardson, TX
188 University of Wyoming Laramie, WY
189 Utah State University Logan, UT
190 Virginia Commonwealth University Richmond, VA
191 West Virginia University Morgantown, WV
192 Western Michigan University Kalamazoo, MI
193 Widener University Chester, PA
国家四级大学(共所,排名194-258),排名不分先后,按字母顺序排列
194 Barry University Miami Shores, FL
195 Biola University La Mirada, CA
196 Central Michigan University Mount Pleasant, MI
197 Clark Atlanta University Atlanta, GA
198 Cleveland State University Cleveland, OH
199 East Carolina University Greenville, NC
200 East Tennessee State University Johnson City, TN
201 Florida A&M University Tallahassee, FL
202 Florida Atlantic University Boca Raton, FL
203 Florida International University Miami, FL
204 George Fox University Newberg, OR
205 George Fox University Newberg, OR
206 Georgia Southern University Statesboro, GA
207 Georgia State University Atlanta, GA
208 Golden Gate University San Francisco, CA
209 Idaho State University Pocatello, ID
210 Immaculata University Immaculata, PA
211 Indiana State University Terre Haute, IN
212 Indiana University of Pennsylvania Indiana, PA
213 Indiana University-Purdue University--Indianapolis Indianapolis, IN
214 Jackson State University Jackson, MS
215 Long Island University--C.W. Post Campus Brookville, NY
216 Louisiana Tech University Ruston, LA
217 Morgan State University Baltimore, MD
218 New Mexico State University Las Cruces, NM
219 North Carolina A&T State University Greensboro, NC
220 Northern Arizona University Flagstaff, AZ
221 Northern Illinois University DeKalb, IL
222 Nova Southeastern University Ft. Lauderdale, FL
223 Oakland University Rochester, MI
224 Oral Roberts University Tulsa, OK
225 Portland State University Portland, OR
226 Regent University Virginia Beach, VA
227 San Diego State University San Diego, CA
228 South Dakota State University Brookings, SD
229 Spalding University Louisville, KY
230 St. Mary's University of Minnesota Winona, MN
231 Tennessee State University Nashville, TN
232 Texas A&M University--Commerce Commerce, TX
233 Texas A&M University--Kingsville Kingsville, TX
234 Texas Woman's University Denton, TX
235 Trevecca Nazarene University Nashville, TN
236 Trinity International University Deerfield, IL
237 University of Akron Akron, OH
238 University of Alaska--Fairbanks Fairbanks, AK
239 University of Arkansas--Little Rock Little Rock, AR
240 University of Bridgeport Bridgeport, CT
241 University of Hartford West Hartford, CT
242 University of Houston Houston, TX
243
University of Louisiana--Lafayette
Lafayette, LA
244 University of Massachusetts--Boston Boston, MA
245 University of Memphis Memphis, TN
246 University of Missouri--St. Louis St. Louis, MO
247 University of Nevada--Las Vegas Las Vegas, NV
248 University of New Orleans New Orleans, LA
249 University of North Texas Denton, TX
250 University of Northern Colorado Greeley, CO
251 University of Texas--Arlington Arlington, TX
252 University of Texas--El Paso El Paso, TX
253 University of Toledo Toledo, OH
254 University of West Florida Pensacola, FL
255 University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee Milwaukee, WI
256 Wayne State University Detroit, MI
257 Wichita State University Wichita, KS
258 Wright State University Dayton, OH

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